The American Bar is a place where craftsmen design and develop smashes and swizzles, cups and cobblers. It is the birthplace of the men and women who have come to determine the trajectory of bartending and establish the confines of the profession today. Union Lodge No.1 has studied the course of bartending through historic newspapers, manuals and books in an attempt to discover what it truly means to be “An American Bar.” The catalogue of drinks and libations before you is a collection of what we deem to be the superlative created by the American Bartender. From everyone here at Union Lodge No.1, we invite you to take a step back in time and experience the American Bar.
Rye Whiskey, Bitters, Sugar, Ice
The origins of the word cocktail have long been disputed. It is first mentioned in the Morning Post and Gazette (London, 1798) in a satirical context referring to a tavern patron who owed for “L’Huile de Venus,” Parfait Amour,” and “Cock-Tail,” the former of which are both documented as alcoholic beverages. The word reappears in print in The Farmers Cabinet (Amherst, 1803), but is not described until Happy Croswell defines it as a “stimulating liquor, composed of spirits of any kind, sugar, water and bitters” in the Columbian Repository (New York City, 1806). This fundamental recipe is widely accepted as the blueprint for all drinks and libations to come, and is the base template for the more recent whiskey cocktail, commonly known as the Old Fashioned.
Rye Whiskey, Peychauds Bitters, Sugar, Absinthe
The myths and legends surround the Sazerac Cocktail can fill a book. The first hints at a varation come from the Sazerac House at the southern edge ofS the French Quarter. The two lead bartenders, Billy Wilkenson and Vincent Miret share accreditation, the latter of whom was referred to as the foremost whiskey cocktail mixer in the city. An article published by the fraternity magazine Alpha Tau Omega Palm (New Orleans, 1899) first mentions the Sazerac Cocktail by name alongside the imperial gin fizz. To this day, the origins and development of the Sazerac continue to be researched and disputed.
Rye Whiskey, Italian Vermouth, House Cherry Hazelnut Bitters
Arguably the most influential cocktail in history, the Manhattan first appears in the Olean Democrat ( New York City, 1882) where it was described as a “mixture of whiskey, vermouth, and bitters” and referred to as the “Manhattan Cocktail, Turf Club Cocktail and Jockey Club Cocktail.” As with the Sazerac, origin myths of the Manhattan are numerous, vary greatly and are continually disputed. One thing remains a fact: the Manhattan will forever remain a classic and a staple of the American Bar.
Gin, Green Chartreuse, Vermouth
First appearing in Harry Johnson’s Bartender’s Manual (New York City, 1882), the Bijou Cocktail was once arguably as prolific as both the Manhattan and Sazerac. It’s ingredients represent precious stones and the Bijou is firmly rooted in the American Bar. Although its presence has diminished over time, its exquisite balance solidifies itself as one of the greats.
Aged Genever, Italian Vermouth, Maraschino Liquor, Bitters
The Martinez first appears in O.H Byron’s Modern Bartender’s Guide (New York City, 1884) with no mentions of its origins. Common belief pins its birthplace to Martinez, California, where it circulated throughout the flouring bar scene to widespread popularity. It is speculated, and rightfully so, to be an immediate predecessor to the more recent Martini.
Bonded Applejack, Yellow Chartreuse, Benedictine, House Bitters
Concocted by George J. Kappeler of the Holland House Hotel in New York, the Widow’s Kiss is indicative of the public’s propensity for herbal liqueurs at the time of its creation. Kappeler published the recipe in Modern American Drinks (Chicago, 1895), which gained widespread recognition when Harry Johnson published the cocktail in his reissued Bartenders Manual (New York City, 1900).
Absinthe, House Lemon Rhubarb Bitters, Sugar, Mint, Green Chartreuse, Water
Absinthe began appearing in New Orleans in 1837 and New York City in 1843. It was originally used in small amounts to embellish libations until it gained momentum as a cocktail, paired with ice and bitters in the 1870s. This is our take on the ideal Absinthe Cocktail.
151 proof Demerara Rum, 100 proof Bourbon, Applejack, Cinnamon, House Bitters Blend
Considered by many to be the Father of American Bartending, Jerry Thomas is accredited with the original Blue Blazer. This is largely regarded as his signature cocktail and was conceived at the Occidental Hotel of San Fransisco in the mid-to-late 19th century. The Red, White and Blue Blazer of Union Lodge No.1 pay homage to Thomas as one of the forefathers of the American Bar.
*Limit one per guest
Bourbon, Mint, Sugar, Ice
The Julep has a long-standing history with the American Bar, dating back to the middle of the 18th century and containing ingredients ranging from rose pedals and brandy to mint and rye whiskey. The first published recipe for the whiskey mint julep prevalent across the American Bar today comes from an anonymous author in The American Bar-Tender, the Art and Mystery of Mixing Drinks (1874).
Old Genever, Pineapple, Raspberry, Orange, Lemon, Sparkling Wine.
Originally written to serve a party of five, the Pineapple Julep from Jerry Thomas’ Bon Companion (New York City, 1862) reads much like a Cup or Punch. The Pineapple Julep substitutes seasonal berries for mint, and utilizes gin and sparkling wine to produce a lighter and more refreshing variant.
Rum, Lime, Raspberry, Orange Curacao, Sparkling Wine
Knickerbocker appears several times throughout written history, most notably in William Terrington’s Cooling Cups and Dainty Drinks (New York City, 1869) and in Jerry Thomas’ Bon Vivant Companion (New York City, 1862). Over time, recipes have varied by bartender. This is what we deem to be the most well balanced.
Genever, Maraschino, Lemon, Sugar, Soda Water
Legend has it that the Garrick Club Punch was created by New Yorker Stephen Price at the Garrick Club in London. English humorist Theodore Hook was in a state of such, “thirstiness which requires something more than common to quench”, and thus was born the Garrick Club Punch, solidified in history as a refreshing punch worthy to be mentioned.
Gin, Lemon, Seasonal Flavored Syrup, Soda Water
Originally created by John Collins of Limmer’s Old House in London, the Tom Collins became the subject of a city-wide prank in New York. Bar patrons would strike up conversation, speaking of a Tom Collins, running around the city sullying their names. A bright and refreshing summer drink, our House Seasonal Collins rotates quarterly based on seasonally-available fruits and herbs.
Old Tom Gin, Sloe Gin, Lemon, Cream, Egg White, Soda Water
The Union Gin Fizz is our variation on a Ramos, or New Orleans Gin Fizz. This cocktail was created by Henry Charles Ramos after he took over the Imperial Saloon in 1888. In order to keep up with demand, Ramos employed up to 35 “shaker boys” and operated the largest hen house at the time producing over 5000 eggs a week.
*Please allow extra time for this cocktail
Cream Sherry, Brandy, Amaretto, Orange, Seasonal Berries
The Sherry Cobbler’s rise to fame is rooted in the birth and rapid expansion of the ice trade. In the early 19th century, as ice made its way from New England to the rest of the east coast and the Caribbean, so did the Sherry Cobbler. This cocktail’s rapid rise and prolonged consumptions has solidified its place in the American Bar.
Red Bordeaux, Jamaican rum, Orange, Lemon Soda Water
Throughout history there are numerous variations on the Bishop, some served hot and spices, some cold and refreshing. This recipe emerges from Harry Johnson’s Bartender’s Manual (New York City, 1888) and favors the bright and refreshing profile.
Rum, Velvet Falernum, Lime, House Wormwood Bitters
Widely considered to be the king of all Caribbean drinks, the Green Swizzle dates to the mid-to-late 1890s. The Philadelphia Inquirer published an article in 1895 of the Green Swizzle, stating that “…it is really nature’s sweet restorer in hours of weariness.”
The drink gained its name from the medicinal effects of its bitter flavoring. Quinine is naturally found in cinchona bark that grows in South America and southern parts of Asia. When the British Navy discovered that the natives used the quinine as antimalarial medicine, rations of quinine powder was issued to all the soldiers. British officers were able to take limited quantities of gin with them on the ships, soon they were adding the gin to the tonic for taste. The lower ranks were only able to get a hold of rum to mix with their tonic. The first commercial tonic water was produced in 1858.